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4 GALATIANS WELCOME God’s word, the Bible, is a unique and wonderful book. It is one of His greatest gifts to us. (8) The conclusion of the former allegory, that we by no means procure and call back again the slavery of the Law, seeing that the children of the bondmaid will not be heirs. At that time the son born according to the flesh persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit. 54:1; Galatians 4:28: Rom. And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? Therefore, brothers and sisters, we are not children of the slave woman, but of the free woman. and even though my illness was a trial to you, you did not treat me with contempt or scorn. to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship. Galatians 4 King James Version (KJV). One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar. (n) Those daily troubles with which the Lord tried me among you. (k) By the virtue of God's promise and after a spiritual manner. (h) That seed to which the promise belongs. Galatians 4 Let me show you the implications of this. Paul appeals to past ties between the Galatians and himself. (5) He moderates and qualifies those things in which he might have seemed to have spoken somewhat sharply, very skilfully and divinely declaring his good will toward them in such a way, that the Galatians could not but either be utterly hopeless when they read these things, or acknowledge their own lack of steadfastness with tears, and desire pardon. For as Abraham begat Ishmael by the common course of nature, of Hagar his bondmaid and a stranger, and begat Isaac of Sara a free woman, by the virtue of the promise, and by grace only, the first was not heir, and also persecuted the heir. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. So there are two covenants, and as it were two sons born to Abraham by those two covenants, as it were by two mothers. Commentary on Galatians 4:8-11 (Read Galatians 4:8-11 ) The happy change whereby the Galatians were turned from idols to the living God, and through Christ had received the adoption of sons, was the effect of his free and rich grace; they were laid under the greater obligation to keep to the liberty wherewith he had made them free. But seeing that the Galatians were taken and called out of idolatry to Christian liberty, what pretence might they have to go back to those impotent and beggarly elements? Galatians 4:1-11. Quiz in Galatians —Chapters 3 and 4. Sign up for an account to try it FREE for 30 days. All rights reserved worldwide. I plead with you, brothers and sisters, become like me, for I became like you. If the Galatians become slaves…all over again to the law , Paul will have worked in vain among them. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Beth will be going away to college. You are observing special days and months and seasons and years! (6) The false apostles urged this, that unless the Gentiles were circumcised Christ could profit them nothing at all, and also this dissension of those who believed in the circumcision, against those who believed in the uncircumcision, both these things being full of offence. Those people are zealous to win you over, but for no good. St. Paul's letter to the Christian communities of Galatia is the first of the "great epistles" of "the apostle to the Gentiles." Salem Media Group. Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. (a) This is added because he that is always under a tutor or governor may hardly be considered a freeman. for I bear you record, that, if. Verse 4. how I wish I could be with you now and change my tone, because I am perplexed about you! Our study in this letter completes our four-part study of false teaching in the epistles of Jude, Second & Third John and Galatians. Galatians 4dropdownNew International Versiondropdown. But the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother. KJV . Paul Accepted by the Apostles. ... 3:25-4:11 4:12-20 4:21-5:1 5:2-12 5:13-15 5:16-26 6:1-10 6:11-18 Paul’s Greeting Beware of Other Gospels The Gospel Not of Man Paul as a Jew Revelation & Early Ministry Paul Confirms the … Friday evening we will attend what has been traditionally called “commencement exercises.” The term “commencement” focuses on the fact of beginning, not of conclusion, and indicates that a whole new world lays ahead for the high school graduate. This week our daughter Beth graduates from high school, an event which marks the conclusion of a long and wearying process of education, both for our daughter and for us as parents. Related Studies 2 John & 3 John What I am saying is that as long as an heir is underage, he is no different from a slave, although he owns the whole estate. (y) By virtue of the promise, which Abraham laid hold on for himself and his true seed, for otherwise Abraham and Sara were past the begetting and bearing of children. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first. (g) The Holy Spirit, who is both of the Father, and of the Son. 3 You will trample on the wicked, for they will be like ashes under the soles of your feet on the day which I am preparing,” says the Lord who rules over all. 1 What I am saying is that as long as the heir is a child, he is no different from a slave, although he is the owner of everything. 3 So also, when we were children, we were enslaved under the basic principles a of the world. For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. Bible Study Commentary - Galatians, Curtis Vaughan, Lamplighter Books, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1972. Version. These things are being taken figuratively: The women represent two covenants. (e) The adoption of the sons of God is from everlasting, but is revealed and shown in the time appointed for it. What question does Paul ask? 2 He is subject to guardians and trustees until the date set by his father. Therefore the apostle, after various arguments with which he has refuted their error, brings forth an allegory, in which he says that the Holy Spirit did through symbolism let us know all these mysteries: that is, that it should come to pass that two sorts of sons should have Abraham as a father common to them both, but not with equal success. The one was made in Sinai, outside of the land of promise, according to which covenant Abraham's children according to the flesh were begotten: that is, the Jews, who seek righteousness by that covenant, that is, by the Law. Were not they rather the heroes, and we the children? But this is not to serve, but rather to enjoy true liberty, as it is fitting for sons and heirs. My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you. “Get rid of the slave woman and her son, for the slave woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with the free woman’s son.”. For Paul, right theology (orthodoxy) is always the […] This means a greater amount of freedom for her, a… Picture Study Bible with Maps and Background Information. For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and more. Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. Their attitude must not be determined by their own theological whims. My dear children, for whom I am again in the pains of childbirth until Christ is formed in you. (c) The time is said to be full when all parts of it are past and ended, and therefore Christ could not have come either sooner or later. Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods. These small group studies of Galatians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. (p) What a talk was there abroad in the world among men, how happy you were when you received the gospel? We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 3:8, 22] Galatians 4:30: Gen. 21:10, 12 Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children. (, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. When you throw him away, he is going to be right back tomorrow.” –Dr. For it is written: “Be glad, barren woman, you who never bore a child; shout for joy and cry aloud, you who were never in labor; because more are the children of the desolate woman than of her who has a husband.”. But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Galatians 4:1-31—Read the Bible online or download free. 7 So you are no longer a slave, but God’s child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir. Galatians 4:23: Gen. 16:15; 17:15–19; 18:10; 21:1; Gal. Galatians 4. (b) He makes mention of Sinai, because that covenant was made in that mountain, of which mountain Hagar was a symbol. 3:29; Galatians 4:28: Acts 3:25; Galatians 4:29: Gen. 21:9; Galatians 4:29: Gal. It is fine to be zealous, provided the purpose is good, and to be so always, not just when I am with you. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. For, he says, the Law (that is, the whole government of God's house according to the Law) was as it were a tutor or overseer appointed for a time. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. As long as the heir is a minor, he has no advantage over the slave. 4 But when the time had fully come, God sent His … Galatians 4. (b) The Law is called elements, because by the Law God instructed his Church as it were by elements, and afterward poured out his Holy Spirit most plentifully in the time of the Gospel. Cancel any time. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. Each of us must walk in the light we have. (x) As all men are, and by the common course of nature. of (1) He declares by another twofold similitude, that which he said before concerning the keeper and schoolmaster. You did me no wrong. Cancel. Galatians 4:19-20 Paul was deeply concerned that the Galatians avoid being pulled into a false expression of Christianity that would damage them spiritually. 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